Currently, there are two legislation framed to solve the challenge of Marriage Registration Laws in diverse cultures, they are –
- The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955
- The Special Marriage Act, 1954
The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 deals with marriage registration in case both husband and wife are Hindus, Buddhists, Jains or Sikhs or, where they have converted into any of these religions.
It is to be noted that Hindu Marriage Act deals with only marriage registration that has already been solemnized.
Whereas, the Special Marriage Act, 1954 lay down the procedure for both solemnization and registration of marriage, where either of the husband or wife or both are not Hindus, Buddhists, Jains or Sikhs.
It is the duty of the judiciary to ensure that the rights of both the husband and wife are protected. In case this union between the husband and wife breaks, it should be determined that if this break-up was a result of actions of any of the parties or not.